Christian Heilmann

Posts Tagged ‘protection’

FUD again – Flash vs. HTML(5) – yes, open things are easy to retrieve

Wednesday, January 26th, 2011

I am very disappointed with a post released today by Serge Jespers, Adobe Evangelist entitled Stealing content was never easier than with HTML5.

I am mostly disappointed by the headline which I hope is there for link-baiting and Google juice. In other words, really cheap and lame propaganda.

The post has a good intention: there is a problem with open media standards in HTML5 that there is no way to protect premium content from being downloaded. There is no DRM, there is no encryption or watermarking. If we want premium content publishers on the bandwagon, then we need to think about that. Posts like this with this headline make it hard for us to even reach people to talk about the options. It is FUD and Adobe as a company that claims to support HTML5 should know better.

Right now, I do tell people who are paranoid about their content to use Flash as it has a certain degree of protection against simple downloading. If Adobe’s official spokespeople keep spouting messages like this, I will move to tell them to use Silverlight.

The argument that it is easy to download video in HTML5 as you can see it in the source is like saying that it is easy to steal newspapers in train stations as they are easy to reach. It is invalid – that you can steal it is not the issue here, the issue is what you do with the paper. Do you take it from the stand and go and pay it without looking at it? Do you read it on the spot and then put it back? Do you leave with it without paying? Or do you check the headlines and when you are intrigued you go and pay for it? Do you take the paper, go to a copier, copy it and then try to sell the copies? Fact is – it is dead easy to get the paper, the same way it is dead easy to get a video online.

I find myself many a time downloading YouTube videos as I am on the go a lot. Being on the go (and considering data plans and roaming) means I have no connection, or I have a flaky connection that downloads the movie to minute 3 and then stalls while the fan of my laptop spins. Instead, at home when I got my fat connection I download some talks and screencasts and watch them offline using VLC. Then I delete them – or I blog about them first linking to YouTube and advertise them that way.

To download these extremely well protected Flash movies I use one of the dozens of services, browser extensions or apps out there.

Allowing people to download a movie means you get a bigger audience. If you make people jump through hoops to watch a movie or make them watch a 5 minute ad for a 10 second film you shouldn’t be surprised if they use P2P filesharing or Hotfile, Rapidshare, Fileserve, Megaupload and dozens of other services to download the movie in 10 seconds and then watch it at their leisure.

Recognise something? The mere fact that there are thousands of downloaders for YouTube and paid for hosting services that offer easy to download pirated copies means that there is a demand for that feature. A feature that would make me damn happy to have on YouTube and I would pay for it.

So instead of demonising HTML5 as the backdoor that will allow evil doers to steal your goodies maybe it is time for premium content providers to open up to the needs of web users, and find a way to publish previews of content and the full content for subscribed users. There are ways to make money and share your products – but not if you spend most of your time and money on things that seemingly give you protection but in reality are just a glass shield.

Liberté, Accessibilité and Securité – that was Paris Web 2009

Tuesday, October 13th, 2009

Last week I went to Paris, France to speak at a Yahoo Developer Network event and Paris Web. Paris Web is a web development, design and accessibility conference that runs for the fourth year (I think) and I’ve been speaking there for the third time.

My presentation – basic housekeeping

Originally I planned to speak about my favourite topic – the web of data and how to use it – but the organisers had other plans for me. Normally I hate changing my topic and being asked to do specials but I have a fond spot for Paris Web so I talked about web security instead. The slides of my “basic housekeeping” talk are available on SlideShare:

In the talk I covered some very basic measures you can take to protect your web site from becoming a spam hub, part of a botnet or simply get spammed. I pointed out the following mistakes people make:

  • Underestimating the severity of web application security holes – it is not about your server but also about users who use the same passwords all over the place.
  • Keeping folders listable and thereby allowing people to find vulnerable scripts and dig into data they shouldn’t be able to see (the example I showed was failing to protect their /cgi folder and thus allowing full access to an admin section and listing their DBs)
  • Allowing search engines to index admin sections of web applications (I proposed using robots.txt but as one attendee pointed out in the Q&A protecting with .htaccess makes a lot more sense)
  • Keeping error messaging on and thus allowing people to gain insight into your server setup
  • Having an insecure PHP setup with globals enabled which would allow for overriding security checks and remote code injection (using phpsecinfo can help you find these issues)
  • Blindly relying on software and not testing installs. Also, not overriding preset users and passwords (as an example try the user and password “builtin” on any Ektron-powered web site)
  • Not keeping installs and plugins up-to-date
  • Relying on HTML as a source of data for JavaScript/Ajax (I can easily manipulate this in Firebug)
  • Relying on JavaScript – you can’t and if you use it as the only means of validation turning off JavaScript allows attackers to inject any kind of data.
  • Leaving information inside the HTML by commenting out in HTML - always comment on the server side.
  • Not filtering inputs.
  • Trying to filter instead of whitelisting
  • Allowing for inclusion into iframes and thus allowing for clickjacking.
  • Failing to provide easy to use and stress-free interfaces and thus allowing for social engineering (“This is too hard for you, give me your password and I will fill this out for you”).
  • Staying authenticated and logged in over a longer period and thus allowing attackers to make you click on web sites that contain CSRF traps (the example was demo code that could get protected Twitter updates).
  • Giving users the impression that you are the one responsible for security instead of it being the job of both the user and the site provider.
  • Relying on Captchas as a sole measure against bot attacks (check PWNtcha for a captcha cracking tool).
  • Not keeping their software up-to-date
  • Not periodically checking their logs for hacking attempts.

I then quickly went over some of the ideas we now have in place to make the web easier to use and at the same time safer: Guest Passes, One-off logins, oAuth, OpenID and Caja.

I explained the security threats and trends in phishing social networks, the mobile web, camera access, geo location access and biometric recognition.

I had good feedback and I love speaking in France. You can make jokes and people are happy to laugh out loud when you bring up things that are just not expected.

The rest of the conference

This is a general thing at Paris Web. The speakers do not only really know what they are talking about but are also happy to be unconventional when it comes to presenting. Whilst the slides of ParisWeb do only hint at that you can find some very cool photos of what is going on there.

Paris Web 2009 : Day 2 by  ~Thanh.Paris Web 2009 : Day 2 by  ~Thanh.

Also check out the video:

The location is very luxurious (IBM’s HQ in France) and has all the latest systems you need for presenting – microphones, a great projection system, on-stage monitors, live translation and so on. The catering was very impressive and the food was – well, it is France, we don’t need to say more.

Double budget approach

The other great thing that Paris Web does that other conferences should copy is that on the day after the conference there are workshops with the speakers who are happy to give them for a very low price (last year it was 10 Euro, not sure what it was this year). This allows students that cannot afford the main conference to come only on Saturday and still take advantage of the experts coming to Paris.

All in all I am always very proud to be part of the conference and to see the enthusiasm and great things that happen in France when it comes to advocating web standards, future technologies and ways to work professionally as web designers. The strong streak of accessibility and usability that compliments the high-tech talks makes it a useful conference for anybody who creates any work on the web.

Alas, there is one issue.

The language barrier

As the conference is held predominantly in French, a lot of the great insights, information and practices is lost for non-francophones. This is a shame as I am very impressed with the pragmatic approach of the talks. There is not much “blue sky” thinking but very down-to-earth information on how to build better products, how to talk to your boss in the right way, how to make web development an important part of your company’s portfolio and a lot of talks about quality of our work and pragmatic accessibility. All the talks are filmed and recorded and it would be a great step for Paris Web to translate the transcripts – maybe that is something that can be done with crowdsourcing?