Helper functions: Resize images to a variable thumbnail size

Wednesday, February 1st, 2012 at 4:27 pm

As part of the “Creating thumbnails with drag and drop and HTML5 canvas” post on MDN today, I spent some time creating a short and working resizing function that takes an arbitrary image and re-sizes it to fit into a thumbnail of a certain width and height. After a few failed attempts I googled around and actually found one of my old PHP/GD tutorials I thought I had deleted years ago. Well, the function still works :)

Without further ado, here is the resize() function (also available as a gist).

function resize( imagewidth, imageheight, thumbwidth, thumbheight ) {
    var w = 0, h = 0, x = 0, y = 0,
        widthratio  = imagewidth / thumbwidth,
        heightratio = imageheight / thumbheight,
        maxratio    = Math.max( widthratio, heightratio );
    if ( maxratio > 1 ) {
        w = imagewidth / maxratio;
        h = imageheight / maxratio;
    } else {
        w = imagewidth;
        h = imageheight;
    }
    x = ( thumbwidth - w ) / 2;
    y = ( thumbheight - h ) / 2;
    return { w:w, h:h, x:x, y:y };
  };

The returned data is the width and the height of the image and the x and y position in the thumbnail – ready to use in HTML5 canvas.

You can test the function in this Fiddle:

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